Pregnancy

Toxoplasmosis, what prevention?

Toxoplasmosis, what prevention?


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Banal and benign disease outside pregnancy, toxoplasmosis can be dangerous for your future baby. There is no vaccine ... but many precautions to protect itself. Which foods to avoid? Should we move away from his cat? Our advices.

  • Toxoplasmosis is caused by a parasite, the toxoplasma gondii, present the droppings of some animals, including the cat. Benign, this disease can be dangerous during pregnancy because you can transmit it to your future baby and cause eye or neurological disorders.
  • Screening for this condition is part of mandatory prenatal screening (and also prenuptial testing if you are married). If you are immune, no problem. On the other hand, if you are not (so have never had the disease), a screening will be done every month and you will have to take a number of simple steps to protect yourself.

Toxoplasmosis: take care of your plate

The parasite that causes toxoplasmosis is found in the soil (where fruits and vegetables grow) and in the intestines of herbivores. If you are not immune, you must take precautions to avoid getting contaminated:

  • Eat the meat (beef, mutton ...) well cooked because it is likely to host this parasite. Same punishment for raw ham.
  • Avoid consuming raw meat (tartar), marinated or smoked meat.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables carefully, using three washings with lemon or vinegar. Remember to do the same with aromatic plants. Beware of meals taken outside, whether at the restaurant or at friends' homes.
  • Good to know: the parasite is destroyed by industrial freezing.

Gardening, cleaning ... precautions

  • Clean hands thoroughly after handling raw meat, fruits and vegetables, and make sure your refrigerator is hygienic.
  • Thoroughly clean the surfaces used to prepare vegetables (work plan, cutting board ...).
  • If you garden, remember that the earth can be soiled by feces. Take the precaution of gardening with gloves and wash your hands well.

A cat at home: caution

  • There is no question of telling you to part with your hairball during these nine months, but be sure to take a few precautions. The cat is a preferred vector of toxoplasma through its excrement.
  • So, if you are not immune, give up a few months to clean your litter. Give the relay to the future dad. If not, put on gloves to change the bedding and wash the tub in warm water with a little bleach. Also avoid putting the tray in the kitchen. Know, however, that there is no risk conditioning to give hugs to your cat!
  • A smart advice? Know that you can have your cat's serological status determined to determine if he is carrying this parasite. Ask your veterinarian for advice.

To know more

> Toxoplasmosis: what to do with my cat?
> Toxoplasmosis: Are you immune?
> Quiz: toxoplasmosis, what do you know?
> Video: Why protect yourself from pregnant toxo?